Activities at India Pavilion on December 03, 2015, Le Bourget, Paris
400-500 people visited India Pavilion on third day of COP 21. The day’s discussions at the India Pavilion saw sessions on development of climate resilient smart cities, climate change and generation of thermal power improvements in conventional system, and case studies on mitigation and adaptation initiatives by oil and gas sectors in India.
In the first session on Smart Cities, it was expressed that smart cities programme is an innovation laboratory and every innovation will lead towards more efficient and more productive cities leading towards cleaner environment and sustainable habitat. India is aptly handling its urbanization and challenges as an opportunity with its smart city initiatives. With a contribution of 66%pf country’ GDP, the urban areas generate about 80% of tax revenues and around 70% of job opportunities and by the year 2031, the urban population of India would be around 600 million. Government of India’s programmes will achieve sustainability in Indian cities through effective solid waste management, energy management, water and sewerage management, green space and park management, green buildings and transport with mass transit systems with lesser carbon footprint. In order to ensure sustainable development and economic growth, India aims to bring capacities, create domestic frameworks and international architecture for quick diffusion of cutting edge climate technologies. Developed world should not see technology from IPR perspective and business point of view as externalities of sustainable habitats will mitigate climate change for the good of All.
Urban growth engine will transform India and provide ample opportunity for investment, innovation and technology transfer in high speed communication, urban transport, skilling and municipal governance and will lead to cities which are waste and carbon neutral and any doubts about smart cities are ill founded.
The second session focused on climate change and generation of thermal power improvements in conventional system. Mr. A K Jha, CMD of NTPC said during the discussion that “share of developed countries in carbon emissions is very high. India’s contribution is only 2.8%. Despite that there are conversations on India’s emissions. Carbon space has to be created. Extravagant consumerism has to be stopped. Poverty is the biggest polluter, so is extravagant life and consumerism. There’s a long way to go for improving India’s Human development index for which development is necessary and for which creation of carbon space is an imparative.”
Costs of electricity from solar or wind are comparatively high. The path towards renewables provides challenges of technology and cost reduction. A major challenge for our country is affordable electricity and cooking energy. In the medium term, coal based power will be needed. Technological collaborations are required for deployment and implementation. There’s need to replace older stations with new super critical technology plants. For us, coal is not an obsession, it is a compulsion. We should have a responsible development of coal capacity in the country.
The third session showcased the case studies of ONGC, GAIL and PCRA on various mitigation and adaptation initiatives taken up by them which included measures on energy efficiency, green buildings, waste heat recovery, combined cycle power generation, use of alternative sources of energy, role of technology and clean development mechanism, carbon management etc. which generated interest for some of the similarly placed developing countries.
3rd December first session on Development of Sustainable Habitat Through Smart Cities
Afternoon session on Climate Change and Generation of Thermal Power improvement in Conventional System.
3rd Session on Mitigation Initiatives by Oil and Gas Sector across the Value Chain
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December 11, 2015
December 11 Valedictory, 2015
India’s INDC is prepared in a balanced and comprehensive manner to reflect all issues of
mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology transfer and capacity building while simultaneously endeavoring to meet all the developmental challenges that the country faces today.